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一般过去时的用法

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   一般过去时是英语中常见的一种时态,代表过去发生的动作,事情,下面小编带你学好英语的一般过去时。

    定义

  一般过去时常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。

  如:What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

  I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿

   用法说明

  1表示在过去某个时间所发生的动作或所处的状态。 常与yesterday, last week, in 1989, just now, a moment ago, the other day等连用。

  如:He was here just now. 他刚才还在这里。

  What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什么事?

  2在过去一段时间内的经常性或习惯性动作。

  如:We often played together when we were children. 我们小时候常在一起玩。

   一般过去时对谓语动词的要求

  一般过去时用动词的过去式构成。即一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则:

  (1) 一般在动词后加-ed。如:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

  (2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

  (3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied. (from www.yygrammar.com)

  (4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, reGREt—reGREtted, ban—banned.

  特别说明

  有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。

  如:I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。

  I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. 我本打算参加他们的比赛。

  注:表示过去经常发生的动作还可用used to 和would。

  如:He used to smoke a lot, but he doesn’t now. 他过去经常抽烟,但现在不抽了。

  Whenever we were in trouble, he would help us. 每当我们遇到困难,他都会帮助我们。

  3表示主语过去的特征或性格。

  如:At that time she was very good at English. 那时她英语学得很好。

  4用在状语从句中表示过去将来。

  如:He said he would wait until they came back.

  5一般过去时有时可以表示现在,多与 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等动词连用,使语气更委婉。

  如:I wondered if you could help me. 不知你能不能帮我一下。

  有时用一般过去时也是时态一致的需要。

  如:I didn’t know you were here. 没想到你在这里。

  注意:

  1. 表示一系列的动作,尽管有先后,都用一般过去时,最后两个动词之间用and连结。如: He opened the door, rushed out and then disappeared. 他打开门,冲了出去,然后就消失了。

  2. 注意在语境中理解“我刚才/原来还不……”。

  如:—Your phone number again? I didn’t quite catch it. —It’s 2566666. 请再说一次你的电话号码,好吗?我刚才没听清楚。是2566666。

  随堂练习:

  一.写出下列动词的过去式。

  1.am/is ________ 2.do _______ 3.go ________ 4.have _______

  5.isn’t _________ 6. aren’t ________ 7.spend________ 8.cook_______

  9.read ________ 10.clean _______ 11.live _______ 12.study_________

  二.用适当的词完成下列对话。

  1.— How was your weekend? — It ______ great.

  — What _______ you ______ last weekend ? — I _______ some homework.

  2.— What ______ she ______ last weekend? — She _______ to the beach.

  3.— What _______ they do last weekend? — They ________ to the movies.

  三.用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

  1. We _________ (enjoy) ourselves at the party last night.

  2.Jack ____________ (study) for the English test last Sunday.

  3._______ you ______ (go) to the Great Wall last year?

  4. What day _______ (be) it yesterday?

  5.The old man _______(be)ill and went to see a doctor.

  6.We ________ (have) a party last night.

  7.We __________ (visit) the museum and went home.

  8.— How _______ (be) the students? — They were very friendly.

  9.He often _______ (have) supper at home. Today he ______ (have) supper at school.

  10.We had great fun _______ (play) in the water.

  11.That made me ______ (feel) very happy.

  12.— ______ he _______ (have) lunch at nine? — No, he didn’t.

  13.They _________(buy) a guitar yesterday.

  四.句型转换。

  1. He came here last month. (改为否定句) He _______ _______ here last month.

  2..They played football this morning. (改为一般疑问句并作简略回答) —______ they _______ football this morning? —Yes, they _______./No, they _________ .

  3.They went to Beijing last year. (就划线部分提问)

  _________ _________ they ________ last year.

  4.Tom watched TV last night. (改为一般疑问句)

  _______ Tom _______ TV last night?

  5.Mary does homework every day. (用 last night 改写句子)

  Mary ________ ____________ _________ ________ .



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